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GRE作文备考漫谈及启示

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GRE作文备考漫谈及启示,找准方向 集中突破,我们来学习吧,下面小编就和大家分享,来欣赏一下吧。

GRE作文备考漫谈及启示:找准方向 集中突破

一、准备作文的前提是了解自己,找准方向,集中突破。

每位G友专业背景、准备时间与英语基础各不一样,在作文中面临的问题当然也不一样:有些是语言和思想都很出色,有些是有思想但表达不出来,有些是英语好但思路打不开……一个作文小组只有几个人或者十几个人,就能够看出这些差别来,用一种统一的方法来进行准备,未必对每个人都意味着高效率。在互助的时候也要注意对方最需要提高的是哪个方面,不必面面俱到。

二、避免低效率低水平的重复劳动。

很多G友干劲十足,一天一篇issue或者argument,但如果基本问题不解决而沉溺于题海战术中,往往是事倍功半。在网上下围棋,经常会看到有棋友下了几千盘甚至上万盘(如果一天3盘那就是将近10年)仍然是入门级的水平,足见得忽视基础的楼房建不高。即使G友帮助你修改得很好,但你并不能透彻了解自己语法或者思维方式错误的根源在哪里,那就只能寄希望于把每一篇改过的都背下来然后在考试时碰上。如果记得不牢或者根本没碰上,问题就大了。我喜欢实践-理论-实践这种螺旋式的进步方法,先找到问题,然后有针对性地进行系统性的学习,打好基础;感觉有提高了再来实践,再发现问题再提高。

三、重点准备提纲,选择性地练习实战写作。

这一点是承接第二点的。题海战术有两个问题:一是没有解决根本问题,二是机会成本过高。所谓机会成本,就是你花的时间过多,而这些时间本来可以用来做更有意义的事情,比如说记单词,学习语法或者看书开拓思路。设想你英文很差,但你写作很努力,在考试时又碰上了写过的题目,你的作文得了5分以上,但verbal只有300多分,人家一眼就能看出你的真实水平来。所以我觉得在打基础的同时,要把重点放在提纲也就是思路的准备上。Argument也许用不着每个都准备提纲,但issue最好是能每一篇都仔细想一想大概怎么写。试想一下,如果你在考试时面对题目,最可能使你心慌的是什么?那可能就是这道题没见过,不知从哪下手;如果你想过了,即使你没写过,你也不会太紧张。我备考时只写了两篇issue和两篇argument,时间主要花在熟悉题目上,argument看得少一些,issue看了一半左右,有点轻敌了,如果全看的话就会更沉着。考试时issue题中一道是具体题,关于小孩教育的问题;另一道是抽象题,关于艺术家与评论家哪个给人们带来永恒价值的问题。第一道题比较好展开,但我没有准备,全凭临场发挥;第二道题脑子里有轮廓,但是没写过。踌躇了足足三分钟,我选择了第二道题。从结果来看,我的选择是完全正确的。虽然具体的题目好写,但要在如此短时间内组织得很漂亮,还是有难度的,如果中途稍有阻滞,情绪就会大受影响。作文互助小组是否也能把提纲准备当成首要问题?大家相互讨论和启发,把问题搞透。

GRE issue写作优秀实例:电视的全球化

题目:

The worldwide distribution of television programs and advertisements is seriously diminishing the differences among cultures.

电视节目和广告的全球性扩张正在严重地消除着不同文化之间的差异。

正文:

Today, the development of media industry is experiencing an incomparable spout time in history during which television programs and advertisements are spreading even to the remotest area. As a result, some people show concerns because they wonder whether this trend will finally cause diminishing of culture diversity. Although this concern does make sense in some aspects, we should examine the propelling power behind this phenomenon to find out the true effect of it.

Television programs as well as the advertisements reveal to people a utterly different world to where they were brought up and thus make it possible for the audience to stay home to enjoy the beautiful scenery of places of interest, grotesque customs of a different nation, well-preserved cultural heritage of another country which all help people to realize more about the difference instead of staying ignorant about the outside world. Some successful television program and advertisements aim at the global audience as a whole as their target group and this effort to reach the largest majority as a whole can be reflected in their creative design of programs and advertisements and their distributing endeavor. For example, “discovery” has arrest many audience’s eyeball because of its widely- covered topic such as astronomy,biology, history and anthropology, artistically shoot pictures and sensational commentary. Is this program diminish or increasing our awareness of the difference among cultures? Will the viewing of Roman’s glorious history, America’s persevere exploring of outer space, the miserable and fierce world war one and world war two arouse the consideration that all cultures is the same? Advertisement, at the same time, if distribute globally, usually requires that they cater for the taste of the local audience. We could see this if we look at Kenturkey’s advertising creative strategy and find out how much it has changed from one country to another.

Television itself is a neutral power, and it cannot contribute to the diminishing of culture diversity alone. Although human beings are susceptible to the influence of mass media such as television program and advertisements, we could not blame them as the sole the causes of this phenomenon.The broadcasting company should be responsible to choose programs that will truly embody the cultural differences as well as the common human similarity such as the longing for love, passion, humanity and the like. And the audience, when viewing programs and advertisements from the other country, should bear in mind that as human beings, we share certain similarity as well as diversity and this is the true impetus to push the world forward as well the power to make our world a more colorful place to live in.

Although to be too fussy about the negative influence of television is unnecessary, it does not mean that we pay no attention to it at all. We should be aware of the possibility of the domination of one culture, such as the western culture that we call as cultural imperialism. If we exaggerate it a little bit more, the prospect will be probably that the world be decorated in one color and expressed in one voice. I believe that even this imagination will sound uncomfortable to most people, whether they will be members of an assimilating or assimilated group.

GRE issue写作优秀实例:探索历史

题目:

When we concern ourselves with the study of history, we become storytellers.Because we can never know the past directly but must construct it by interpreting evidence, exploring history is more of a creative enterprise than it is an objective pursuit. All historians are storytellers.

当我们通过研究历史来考虑自身问题的时候,我们就会变成说故事的人。因为我们不可能直接了解过去,只有通过解释一些史料来构造历史,所以探索历史更多是一件创造性的事业而不是客观的追寻。所有的历史学家都是讲故事的人。

正文:

I wholly agree that the work of studying and exploring history is more of a creative undertaking than an objective pursuit, although some historical affairs can objectively and factually reflect the original situations, which can be well proved. As a result, all historians can not escape the fact that they will inevitably regarded as storytellers more or less.

First and foremost, the materials constituting of the history books and records are somewhat creations contrived by the past historians and collected, compiled and possible distorted by contemporary historians. Some of the materials originated from the folklores or anecdotes, which were passed by generations to generations. True as they might be at first, they are gradually modified, embellished and even misinterpreted. This is why all history books always present us the dominating merits concerning some heroes and personalities and without any words about their shortcomings, one can not go very far to see that some heroic and historical stories are overstated and even wholly falsified; Other materials of history books completely come from the imagination and creation of present-day historians since some valuable and relevant historical materials already disappeared, so it is impossible for historians to reappear some factual history events to today's people, the only means they can employ is to induce and infer them according to those proved fragmentary facts before or after those events.

In addition, no all historians are equipped with abundant knowledge, which includes not only history knowledge but also artistic, linguistic and archaeological knowledge as well, and no all of them are equipped with rich experience about reorganize the history facts. As known to all, to research and explore history needs deep understanding concerning people's artworks, literatures, customs, mores, beliefs, languages in past time, and sometimes needs necessary archaeological knowledge as well to study the artifacts they unearthed, which can give some information to study and prove the authenticity of some history events. Experience is of the tantamount importance.When meeting with a new-discovering history materials and artifacts, seasoned and sophisticated historians can at once judge whether they are authentic or man-made falsehoods, and evaluate their internal value for studying history at first glance.Ironically, many historians lacking of foregoing knowledge and experience are also engaging in studying history, which are responsible for the fact that their work is regarded as only subjective and even storytelling one.

Moreover, historians are inevitably affected by the exterior conditions, their perspectives and opinions have to be subjected to the time and the authority. For one thing, historians only existed in a relatively short span in long historical river, limited by the time and the degree of civilization of their countries, unavoidably, some of their perspectives and ideas turned out to be fallacious and fatuous if inspected by today's criterion. For another, historians also were impacted by the political situations. When making historical records, seldom had historians the courage to disobey the will and power of the potentate, therefore some stories in historical records often involved in such contents as exalting the efficiency of the policies the politicians made, and portraying the savvy and sagacity of the authorities, while those objective fact, if violating the authorities’ interest, can rarely be seen, Based on the above two aspects,we can safely draw a conclusion that historians are storytellers to some extent.

In summary, admittedly some history stories can truly reflect the events to some extent. Nevertheless, historians, no matter in past and today, are in a sense defined as storytellers for the reliability of materials they choose and create, for the limit of knowledge, experience, time and outside political environment.

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