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托福独立写作素材积累方法

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托福写作备考中,准备写作素材非常重要。如果能准备一些不错的素材,作文的分数提升会非常明显,今天小编给大家带来了托福独立写作素材积累方法 ,希望能够帮助到大家,一起来学习吧。

托福独立写作素材积累方法

一.追求高分必需积累写作素材

如果你的写作只追求25-26分,其实你也并不需要收集很多素材;但是如果你需要冲30分满分,那素材的意义就特别突出了。例子越丰富,用词越地道,写作分数就越高。 所以大量高质量素材积累针对的是想要冲击25分以上甚至满分的同学。

二.独立写作素材如何积累

从历年考试的真题里可以总结出7大话题,分别是:社会问题、教育问题、娱乐媒体、人际关系、工作、生活价值观,还有一类特殊的话题叫古今对比。每个大话题里还包含小话题,例如工作话题里包含成功学、找工作、工作技能、团队协作等等小话题。总之,托福考来考去无非就是考7个大话题和25个小话题。平时大家复习的时候可以每个小话题准备1-2个素材,这样应对考试就游刃有余了。这里我就用团队协作来举几个素材的例子,让同学直观的来感受一下到底什么算是比较好的素材。

说道“团队合作”其实我们心里可以迸发出很多很多的例子,例如“猴子捞月”等等。但是这些耳熟能详的例子是不是外国人也用呢?写在作文里能不能起到引经据典的效果呢?答案当然是否定的。我们需要准备的例子,应该是考官比较熟悉的,考官能有共鸣的。

从动物界来看,团队合作是必不可少的。例如,候鸟迁徙,大雁南飞都是。候鸟在迁徙的时候,为什么要一直鸣叫呢?那就是因为他们需要相互鼓励对方,特别是大家再得累了的时候。“鸣叫”大家可以用honk at each other,“累了”大家可以不要用tired而用straggling,体现出“挣扎”的感觉。此外,大雁南飞为什么要保持队形呢?强力的大雁飞在前面,可以为后面弱小的大雁减少阻力。“减少阻力”可以怎么说,大家可以用“reduce drag”。这个例子是不是特别能体现团队合作的好处和重要性呢?

再例如,小鱼为什么要成群游呢?那是因为成群游以后队形会比较庞大,可以吓跑大鱼。“队形”大家可以用-formation。比方说大鱼形状的队形,可以用huge-fish-formation来表示。在SAT阅读里,其实还有个更令人印象深刻的例子。其实小鱼的队形不是随机排列的,比较有能力的小鱼会比较偏向在外围,因为他可以保护里面的小鱼。此外,在右边的小鱼右眼比较强,可以更容易分辨捕食者的位置。这个现象有个英语术语叫fish lateralization。这样的例子是不是非常能体现,团队协作里“自我牺牲”的精神,还有“各司其职”的好处呢?

托福考试作文独立写作范文:电影比电视更有教育意义

Do you agree or disagree: The movies are worth watching only if they can teach something in real life.

写作范文参考:

No matter who you are, you are definitely in a dire need for excitement and thrill. Then, a controversy might appear among the public whether citizens should only watch those movies that can teach something in real life. Some of you may only watch those movies that can help to expand one’s knowledge and reveal the life stories, however, I strongly disagree with the statement and I think there will be a variety of reasons to watch movies.

Initially, entertainment is the principle reason for the entire world watching movies. Be it comedy, science-fiction, drama or action, movies are a medium of leisure and recreation for every single individual ranging from those on streets to the high and mighty residents in penthouses. Put it in another words, the greatest of all benefits of watching a movie is that it entertains you and calms your tumultuous heart down. Take me as an example. I feel very tired after the full devotion to my career in a week and there is no time for the gym and outdoor activities just because of the busy work schedules. Then, I will choose to lie on my couch and watch movies of many kinds with a bowl of munchies like popcorns and sodas during the weekends. By being engrossed in a comedy show that can evoke hearty laughs, I will encounter situations with a positive frame of mind. Besides, when watching the horror movies, I will feel excited, scared, and emotional during those two and a half hours, leading me to be transferred to a world far away from the reality. Obviously, no matter what kind of movies they are, they will be worth watching if they can entertain you.

Another general concern about movies is that they can help fasten the bonds between families. More often than not, what audiences are more focused on, during the process of watching movies, is the time they spend with their families rather than the well-orchestrated plots or the life lessons they might disclose. Current citizens can afford to spend too much time having fun like traveling around the city or having a party because most of them are under huge pressure from the society and most of their time has to be occupied by a variety of professional tasks. However, watching movies won’t consume too much time, serving as a stress buster and lubricant to strengthen relationship with families. Almost at every weekend, I will hang out with my girlfriend to watch movies whatever the genre is and staying with each other at that moment can help shorten our mental distance and we can just hold hands of each other and feel so close between us. Accordingly, my personal experience can help explain how we spend with our families or lovers like watching movies matters more than what we can learn from the movies.

In a word, I don’t think only those movies that tell us important life stories are worth watching. What I truly believe is those movies that can entertain audiences and provide viewers with a chance to stay with each other are more welcomed.

托福考试作文独立写作范文:如何提升社区环境

What is the most useful action for people to help environment in their local communities?

1. Plant trees and create parks

2. Persuade local shops to stop providing plastic bags for consumers

3. Increase access to public transportation (such as buses and trains), and reduce the automobiles on roads

写作范文参考:

With the sense of community becoming much stronger, how to protect the environment of local communities has never failed to attract the attention of the general public. Therefore, when it comes to which is the most feasible measure to help environment, among planting trees and building parks, encouraging local shops to stop using plastic bags, and improving public transportation, people's notions may vary from one to another. Towards such a long-running tug-of-war, I am inclined to claim that the first option is the best.

Firstly, growing trees and constructing parks can definitely help to ameliorate the environment. For one thing, more trees will contribute to the improvement of the air quality of the whole neighborhood. As is common sense, the prosperous industrial development has produced large amounts of waste gas, with the result that the haze and smoggy weather shroud quite frequently the major cities in our country. The current air condition necessitates the planting of trees, which can purify the contaminated air to a large extent. In other words, trees, the lung of the earth, play a vital role in absorbing some harmful gas and producing more fresh air through photosynthesis. For another, the public parks can be helpful to increase the biodiversity of the local community. Accompanying the rapid urbanization, an increasing number of natural lands have been utilized for constructing factories, shopping mall and skyscrapers, which greatly diminishes the natural habitats of animals, such as birds and squirrels. In this case, parks become the only place which can serve as habitats for those animals. Accordingly, the species of animals living here can become more diverse.

In addition, there are certain limitations for the other two options. Admittedly, reducing the use of plastic bags and making public transportation more accessible may also be conducive to the environmental protection in some degrees. To illustrate, if the plastic bags are prohibited, the so-called white pollution will be relieved. Also, easier access to public transportation means less use of private cars, which leads to the reduction of car exhaust. However, in comparison to planting trees and building parks, the above two measures enjoy less popularity among the residents of the community and thus are unlikely to be implemented. The underlying reason is that growing trees and constructing parks can create a more comfortable living environment while the other two choices can bring about more inconvenience. To be more specific, if shops stop the use of plastic shopping bags, the customers have to take a cloth bag while shopping. Also, taking public transportation will take longer time than driving the private cars, which means that commuters have to get up much earlier than before. It is self-evident that whether a policy can be carried out directly determines its effect, which is especially true of the above situation.

Taking what has been discussed above, we can draw the conclusion that the most effective way of protecting environment in local communities is to plant trees and create parks.




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